Today, the rose is one of the symbols of Bulgaria and attracts visitors from all over the world, especially from Japan where the rose is also culturally important. There were many who tried to produce fake rose oil in order to reap higher profits by diluting the rose oil with geranium oil, the percentage of which could go up to 30-40 as in some cases, everyone along the trading line would try to increase the amount of rose oil they possess. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; A liquid culture system using nodal segments was used for shoot proliferation and root induction in Rosa damascena and R. bourboniana, two commercially-important species of scented rose. Another famous food inspired by the roses is rose jam – made from rose petals and sugar, boiled together until the right consistency is achieved. Known as the Damask Rose and Rose of Castile (and Gole Mohammadi in Iran), Rosa damascena, a member of the Rosaceae family, is a rose hybrid the flowers of which have been used for rose oil in perfume and for rosewater. it offers a subtle and sophisticated smell. Chicken with rose is a popular dish in Persian cuisine. The Damask rose is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.2 metres (7 ft 3 in) tall, the stems densely armed with stout, curved prickles and stiff bristles. France and India also contribute significantly to the world market. The local producers would need years of experience in order to distinguish the original from the fake. Everything you need to know about the cosmetic ingredient ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER EXTRACT (Damask rose flower extract), CAS number 90106-38-0, functions (Masking, Tonic). Also Hama, Allepo, Homs, and other Syrian cities and villages. In Kazanlak it begins on the 5th of May and ends on the 20th of June, in Karlovo it begins on the 7th of May and ends on the 19th of June, in Nova Zagora, it begins on the 8th of May and ends on the 25th of June. Two weeks before the actual rose picking, the local farmers frantically fix the barrels for rose boiling, preparing a fireplace made of ‘red’ clay, buying rose oil bottles and flasks, digging ditches where cold water will flow from the local rivers in order to cool the hot steam of the rose processing. Rosa damascena mill L., known as Gole Mohammadi in is one of the most important species of Rosaceae family flowers. Soil sciences and vegetal productions Rosa damascena, also called damask roses, can be traced to Asia Minor. In the old times, rose oil was produced through a simple, single distillation process which gave minuscule … [3] Further DNA analysis has shown that a third species, Rosa fedtschenkoana, is associated with the Damask rose.[4]. The name of the rose refers to the city of Damascus in Syria, known for its steel (Damask steel), fabrics (Damask) and roses. Actively The products of Damask rose are rose water, rose oil and dried petals that are used in medicine, food and perfume industry, as well as make-up and health products. The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in … There are various notes of local producers who have met various traders abroad who tried to sell them fake rose oil for half the price. Following an old tradition, the rose pickers put the first rose petal in the hair behind their ears. There is a long list of various tools used in each of these processes, some of which you can see in the Institute of Rose in Kazanlak and their museum. Rosa × damascena, more commonly known as the Damask rose,[1][2] or sometimes as the rose of Castile, is a rose hybrid, derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata. The distillate from these roses is called "Bulgarian Rose Oil" and "Bulgarian Rose Otto". EXTRACT OF ROSA DAMASCENA, ROSA DAMASCENA (ROSE) EXTRACT, ROSA DAMASCENA EXTRACT, and ROSE (ROSA DAMASCENA) EXTRACT. 2 The National Center for Radiation Research and Technology (NCRRT), Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt Rosa Damascena Extract is an extract of the rose, Rosa damascena. The predominant soil in the region is cinnamon-forest soil which is always mixed with sand and rubble, with some formed alluvial soil types and subtypes created by the accumulation of river mineralization. The leaves are pinnate, with five (rarely seven) leaflets. Shoots of pear and Rosa damascena (Taif Rose) plants were kindly obtained from Taif region, Saudi Arabia kingdom. There are 3 quality types, the highest quality freezes at -20-21 degrees Celsius, second quality freezes at -18-19 degrees and the third – -16-17. The famous rose trader Ganyo Somov from Enina village would put rose vials in his belt and would travel to international fairs and exhibitions, trying to find the best price he can get. The Damascena Rose is one of the specific crop of the magnificent Valley of Dades. It has seen some revival in television cooking in the twenty-first century. Its origin was by tradition the Middle East, but recent genetic tests indicate that it is a hybrid of R. moschata x R. gallica crossed with the pollen of Rosa fedtschenkoana, which indicates that a more probable origin is the foothills of central Asia, which is the home of its pollen parent. Rosa Damascena Flower water is an aqueous solution of the steam of the distillate obtained from the flowers of the Damask Rose, Rosa damascena, Rosaceae 13. amzn_assoc_design = "in_content"; Each village in the rose Valley had their special method of maintaining, planting and processing the rose petals. Experience Culture: Traditional Tastes from Syria- Rosa Damascena shadi 15.03.2017 Amman , Food , Travel Tips One of the best experiences to participate in when visiting Jordan is trying the food. Creation of various songs, poetry, and novels connected with the Rosa Damascena. The bush has an informal shape. The rose oil industry partially changed gold trading, iconography, woodcraft, architecture etc. R. damascena is an ornamental plant and beside perfuming effect, several. CAS Number: 90106-38-0 IUPAC Name: Absolute of Rosa Damascena (Rosaceae) obtained from fresh rose flowers by extraction with an apolar solvent followed by an extraction with ethanol RECOMMENDED DOSAGE: 1 – 5%. Other producers are Afghanistan and Chile. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In order to find out if any rose plants were frostbitten, the locals would pick a number of branches, stick them in potatoes and leave them behind their stoves for a few days, the ratio between fresh and dry branches would show whether they should hire more or fewer rose pickers. rosa damascena callus culture extract extract of a culture of the callus cells of rosa damascena, rosaceae Supplier Sponsors. Rose, Rosa damascena, ext. Sadly, the huge increase of rose plantations in the early 20th century was reduced to 23% after the end of World War II. Your email address will not be published. The town of Kazanlak, Bulgaria has been inhabited for thousands of years. rosa damascena phytoplacenta culture extract extract of a culture of the phytoplacenta of rosa damascena, rosaceae Supplier Sponsors. The most popular use, however, is in the flavoring of desserts such as ice cream, jam, Turkish delights, rice pudding, yogurt, etc. wooden barrel filled with cold water which is used to cool the hot steam of the rose boiling barrel. One of their secrets to success was to take off the boiling cauldron off the hot fire and afterwards continue boiling it on low heat fire. The roses have a fascinating history […], Your email address will not be published. Could you tell me if we can still do the rose picking ritual at some of the rose fields near by? The rose picking begins at 4 o’clock in the morning and usually ends at 10 AM because the rose petals picked in the afternoon have 50% less rose oil concentrate in them. Did you know: In 1886, the renown rose trading house “Kancho Shipkov” bought 92 984 vials of rose oil from various towns and villages across the Valley. Throughout the 18th, 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, various western, Russian and Bulgarian explorers, writers and revolutionaries have mentioned the development and importance of the rose production in Bulgaria. The overall cost of having a 2000 square meter of rose plantation maintained costed 45 levs. There were many social, economic and cultural changes due to the vast development of rose oil production. 6:36 am. The rose pickers pick the rose petals in special, willow branch baskets as the willow does not soak the dew of the rose petals. plant was brought to Bulgaria in the early 17th century. The Bulgarian rose producers were pretty good at finding ingenious ways to increase the quality of the rose oil, and as the local producers would say: the quality and quantity you can produce depends on 1. the quality of the rose petals and 2. the experience of the one who makes the rose oil. That is why it is so precious and is called ‘liquid gold’. Before growing and trading with Rosa Damascena products, Bulgarians living in the Kazanlak and Karlovo valleys would grow various types of fruits and vegetables, craft different tools, and cloth, herd cattle and trade with neighbour regions. You can almost feel the reason why the ancient Thracian tribes have decided to place their valley of Thracian kings inside the Valley of Roses, but let us not get distracted, I will write more about our Thracian heritage in another article! Rosa damascena (other common names: damask rose, summer damask rose). Gathering the flowers is intense manual labor. Hold the rosebud and break it by pressing it upwards with your thumb. He was later Royal Botanist to Charles I. Experienced rose pickers say that roses give most rose oil when there is high humidity. We missed the rose picking ritual part. Modern Western cookery does not use roses or rose water much. The favourable climate for growing Damask Rose has marked the development of the processing and perfume industries in Bulgaria, which later lead to the international denomination of Bulgaria as the Rose Country. According to Gabrielle Turgut, 1680 was the year when rose distillation began in Bulgaria – in the beautiful Rose Valley. The rose is known for its vivid pink or white and pink bicolor blooms. amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "organic rose oil"; Beyond that, recent research on Rosa damascena essential oil has highlighted its anti­oxidant, antibacterial and anti­microbial activities. Chlorosis in Rosa damascena shoots is the major problem. Rainy weather prolongs the rose-picking process and therefore eases the labour of the rose pickers as the rose petals bloom gradually. Geranium oil would be imported in Kazanlak from Spain, Italy, and even African countries in order to be mixed with real rose oil. The roses are a light to moderate pink to light red. In fact, trading with fake rose oil dates back to ancient times, seems everyone wanted to get their hands on this golden elixir. Whole flowers, or petals, are also used in the herbal tea "zuhurat". Morocco, Tunisia, and some other Middle Eastern nations also historically produced it, but their modern contribution is negligible. The winters in the Rose Valley are mild and combined with the airy soils and heavy Spring rains they form the perfect conditions for growing our dear Rosa Damascena which has an unsurpassed fragrance. Cancer . Introduction. The hybrid Rosa × centifolia is derived in part from Rosa × damascena, as are Bourbon, Portland and hybrid perpetual roses. Could you tell me the name and address of these rose fields so we can go there today? Isparta is located in southwest Turkey and it is known as "City of Roses" at altitude of 1035m. As the rose oil production season comes each year, the so-called комисионери (commissioners) or in Turkish колджии (koldjyy) – traders would start visiting each rose producer and would ask what is this year’s production. A shrub to about 7 ft high; stems and branches densely armed with curved prickles of various sizes, grading into stiff bristles. The roses are still grown by the small family farms but the flowers are brought to stills established and regulated by the cooperative for distillation and quality control. The various arguments to explain the evolution of Rosa damascena are pre-sented along with accessory information needed to evaluate them critically. The Damask rose of Morocco, is delicate and exceptional. Rosa damascena is among the most famous plants used as raw materials in cosmetics.Distinguished primarily for its fragrance, Rosa damascena has numerous valuable properties contributing to youthful and healthy skin.The abundance of phenolic compounds, terpenes, glycosides, flavonoids, and anthocyanins is credited for its antioxidant, antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Back in the day, rose producers would experiment with various techniques in order to produce higher quality rose otto. We just arrived yesterday June 3rd but only could see the parade on the street of kazanlak. Seems like everyone wanted to test their entrepreneurial spirit or simply ensure their homes smell like roses throughout the year! He was apothecary to James I and a founding member of the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries in 1617. To make just 1 milligram of pure rose essential oil you need 50.000 individual petals (around 1500 rose flowers) which is the equivalent of around 3.5 kilograms (7-8 pounds) of rose petals. A still popular example of R. × damascena is the Ispahan rose. During the early 20th century, the price for a vial of rose otto was between 5 and 10 levs and increased gradually up to 300 levs for a vial in 1925. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; In cazul in care trandafirii nu … Rosa Damascena (or Damask Rose) has a long history with origins as far as Ancient Persia. I have to agree with those foreign visitors of my homeland, the Valley has its unique charm. Everything is checked and double-checked because when the rose processing begins it goes on 24/7 and there is no time for any extra work. Production of Apple Mosaic Virusâ  Free Pear and Rosa damascena Plants Through Tissue Culture. Rosa damascena (other common names: damask rose, summer damask rose).