La jeunesse de Hegel de 1770 – 1801 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel est né le 27 août 1770 à Stuttgart dans une famille protestante. [59]:2–3, 745 Hegel's mother, Maria Magdalena Louisa (née Fromm), was the daughter of a lawyer at the High Court of Justice at the Württemberg court. Terry Pinkard situates Hegel firmly in the historical context of his times. those written before The Phenomenology of Spirit). Omissions? A. Pelczynski and Shlomo Avineri. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Biography, Contact Details, Address, Phone Number – contact number, house address, biography, email ID, website and other contact information is listed here with the residence or house address. This article treats Hegel’s life, thought, and influence. Nicht mit der Welt, sondern mit der Freiheit bringt Klaus Vieweg Hegel schon im Titel seiner Biographie zusammen. For Hegel, reason is "speculative" – not "dialectical". [149] This concept of Hegel as a hermetic thinker was elaborated by Glenn Alexander Magee,[150] who argued that interpreting Hegel's body of work as an expression of mysticism and hermetic ideas leads to a more accurate understanding of Hegel. T. R. Vickroy and Susan E. Blow—who were both minor associates of the St. Louis Hegelians—independently of each other translated various chapters from Göschel's book into English, and had their translations published in. Hegel enseigne la philosophie sous la forme d'un système de tous les savoirs suivant une logique dialectique. Doctrines of judgment investigate relations of subject and predicate; and doctrines of inference lay out the forms of syllogisms originally found in Aristotelian term logic. Hegel was the last of the great philosophical system builders of modern times. [122]:203 In his political philosophy, he criticized Karl Ludwig von Haller's reactionary work, which claimed that laws were not necessary. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His master–slave dialectic has been influential, especially in 20th-century France. Authors he read include the poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and writers associated with the Enlightenment, such as Christian Garve and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. Hegel’s major works included the Phenomenology of Spirit (1807; also called the Phenomenology of Mind); the Science of Logic, in two parts (1812 and 1816); Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817); the Philosophy of Right (1821); and posthumously published lectures on aesthetics, the philosophy of religion, and the history of philosophy, among other topics. During this period, he composed the text which has become known as the Life of Jesus and a book-length manuscript titled "The Positivity of the Christian Religion". [133], In the last half of the 20th century, Hegel's philosophy underwent a major renaissance. [131] Since the fall of the Soviet Union, a new wave of Hegel scholarship has arisen in the West without the preconceptions of the prior schools of thought. Hegel was appointed University Rector of the University in October 1829, but his term ended in September 1830. Popper further proposed that Hegel's philosophy served not only as an inspiration for communist and fascist totalitarian governments of the 20th century, whose dialectics allow for any belief to be construed as rational simply if it could be said to exist. Though his fellow students called him “the old man,” he liked cheerful company and a “sacrifice to Bacchus” and enjoyed the company of women as well. Having received his theological certificate (Konsistorialexamen) from the Tübingen Seminary, Hegel became Hofmeister (house tutor) to an aristocratic family in Bern (1793–1796). Hegel's categories are, in part, carried over from his Lectures on the History of Philosophy. Hegel's influence was immense in philosophy and other sciences. Whatever the nous thinks at any time is actual substance and is identical to limited being, but more remains in the substrate of non-being, which is identical to pure or unlimited thought. From 1788 to 1793 he studied classics, philosophy, and theology at the University of Tübingen, earning an M.A. Contradiction and negation have the dynamic quality that every point in each domain of reality—consciousness, history, philosophy, art, nature and society—leads to further development until a rational unity is reached that preserves the contradictions as phases and sub-parts by lifting them up (Aufhebung) to a higher unity. The left-wingHegelians eventually moved to an atheistic position. [65] In 1799, he wrote another essay entitled "The Spirit of Christianity and Its Fate",[66] unpublished during his lifetime. [citation needed]. For Hegel, the inner movement of reality is the process of God thinking as manifested in the evolution of the universe of nature and thought; Hegel argued that, when fully understood, reality is being thought by God as manifested in a person's comprehension of this process. Hegel enseigne la philosophie sous la forme d'un système de tous les savoirs suivant une logique dialectique. Since human thought is the image and fulfillment of God's thought, God can be understood by an analysis of thought and reality. His father, Georg Ludwig, was Rentkammersekretär (secretary to the revenue office) at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. Especially crucial are Aristotle, Immanuel Kant and Kant's immediate successors, most prominently Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. Crédit Photo Two prominent American philosophers, John McDowell and Robert Brandom (sometimes referred to as the "Pittsburgh Hegelians"), have produced philosophical works with a marked Hegelian influence. p. 1. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Hegel died in 1831. Publisher’s description: One of the founders of modern philosophical thought Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) has gained the reputation of being one of the most abstruse and impenetrable of thinkers. Principal of the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 1953–66. Mit Kommentar zur Einführung in seine Philosophie, Heidelberg 1949. He also studied the critical philosopher Immanuel Kant and was stimulated by his essay on religion to write certain papers that became noteworthy only when, more than a century later, they were published as a part of Hegels theologische Jugendschriften (1907; Early Theological Writings). Si vous êtes fan de lecture depuis des années, découvrez sans plus tarder toutes nos offres et nos bonnes affaires exceptionnelles pour l'acquisition d'un produit Hegel - Biographie. Hegel est un philosophe allemand qui a construit un immense système ordonnant toutes les connaissances de l’époque.Il est probablement le philosophe le plus complexe à lire, nous vous présentons donc une introduction sur sa philosophie qui s’efforce de … One of the founders of modern philosophical thought Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) has gained the reputation of being one of the most abstruse and impenetrable of thinkers. What distinguishes them from materialists like Epicurus and Thomas Hobbes and from empiricists like David Hume, is that they regarded freedom or self-determination as real and having important ontological implications for soul or mind or divinity. Hegel's system is often presented in the form of a Sierpiński triangle due to his tendency to group concepts by triads. "[51] Martin Heidegger observed in his 1969 work Identity and Difference and in his personal Black Notebooks that Hegel's system in an important respect "consummates western philosophy"[52][53][54] by completing the idea of the logos, the self-grounding ground, in thinking through the identification of Being and beings, which is "the theme of logic", writing "[I]t is... incontestable that Hegel, faithful to tradition, sees the matter of thinking in beings as such and as a whole, in the movement of Being from its emptiness to its developed fullness. Son oeuvre, postérieure à celle de Kant, est l'une des plus représentatives de l'idéalisme allemand et a eu une influence décisive sur l'ensemble de la philosophie contemporaine. Press. Today this faction continues among conservative Protestants, such as the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, which was founded by missionaries from Germany when the Hegelian Right was active. as a mystic and hermetic thinker. [100] Broadly speaking, the term was split, like Hegel's followers, to the political left and right. This was due to (a) the rediscovery and re-evaluation of Hegel as a possible philosophical progenitor of Marxism by philosophically oriented Marxists; (b) a resurgence of Hegel's historical perspective; and (c) an increasing recognition of the importance of his dialectical method. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, né le 27 août 1770 à Stuttgart et mort le 14 novembre 1831 à Berlin, est un philosophe allemand. ), all the pure concepts of the understanding are immanently contained within the most abstract concept; the entire tree of the concepts of the pure understanding unfolds from a single concept the way a tree grows from a seed. Kant spoke of Entstehen (coming-to-be) and Vergehen (ceasing-to-be), the same two terms that Hegel used to refer to the two compositional elements of Werden (becoming). Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, histoire et biographie de Hegel. These friendships clearlyhad a major influence on Hegel’s philosophical development, andfor a while th… It was written in Hegel's hand, but may have been authored by Hegel, Schelling, Hölderlin, or an unknown fourth person.[67]. Sa mère Maria Magdelena Fromm (1741-1783) est issue d'une famille cultivée de juristes et participe à la première formation intellectuelle de son fils avant de mourir prématurément. Unable to find more suitable employment, Hegel reluctantly accepted. American author and professor Terry Pinkard’s comprehensive biographical survey of the life and ideas of German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Hegel: A Biography (2000), is "the only substantial biography of Hegel" that's been published since 1844, according to The New York Review of Books' Anthony Quinton. God rises again to life, and thus things are reversed". His fame spread and his lectures attracted students from all over Germany and beyond. Though he then took the theological course, he was impatient with the orthodoxy of his teachers; and the certificate given to him when he left in 1793 states that, whereas he had devoted himself vigorously to philosophy, his industry in theology was intermittent. When he entered the Latin School two years later, he already knew the first declension, having been taught it by his mother. [142] In a similar vein, Robert Pippin notes that some view Hegel as having "the ugliest prose style in the history of the German language". Museum Tusculanum Press. He had already learned the elements of Latin from his mother by the time he entered the Stuttgart grammar school, where he remained for his education until he was 18. Des promos et des réductions alléchantes vous attendent toute l'année dans notre catégorie Livres Philosophie. [44][45][46][47][48][49] Derrida wrote of Hegel in his work Of Grammatology that "he undoubtedly summed up the entire philosophy of the logos. The precise nature of the procedural self-concretization that drives Hegel's Logic is still the subject of controversy. His is the persistent Idea that is the same in all philosophers up to the present day, as it was the Idea of Plato and Aristotle". [105] Pure being and pure non-being or nothingness are, for Hegel, abstractions from the reality of becoming and this is also how he interprets Heraclitus. ; 1984; 'The Significance of Hegel's separation of the state and civil society' pp1-13 in Pelczynski, A.Z. W. Marx, Hegels Phänomenologie des Geistes. Some of Hegel's writing was intended for those with advanced knowledge of philosophy, although his Encyclopedia was intended as a textbook in a university course. Kaufmann and Shlomo Avineri have criticized Popper's theories about Hegel. Politically, they were orthodox. With his finances drying up quickly, Hegel was under great pressure to deliver his book, the long-promised introduction to his philosophical system. To the contrary, the fundamental notion of Hegel's dialectic is that things or ideas have internal contradictions. The direct and indirect influence of Kojève's lectures and writings (on The Phenomenology of Spirit in particular) mean that it is not possible to understand most French philosophers from Jean-Paul Sartre to Jacques Derrida without understanding Hegel. His hopes of more companionship, however, were unfulfilled: Hölderlin was engrossed in an illicit love affair and shortly lost his reason. "On Hegel—A Study in Sorcery", in J. T. Fraser, F. Haber & G. Muller (eds. All three together are called "ethical life" (Sittlichkeit). Sa sœur Christiane enseignera plus tard le français à Stuttgart et sera internée dans un asile psychiatrique. "Rezension des Aenesidemus" ("Review of Aenesidemus"), This term is actually quite rare in Hegel's writings. (ed. [33] Of special importance is his concept of spirit (Geist, sometimes also translated as "mind") as the historical manifestation of the logical concept – and the "sublation" (Aufhebung, integration without elimination or reduction) – of seemingly contradictory or opposing factors: examples include the apparent opposition between necessity and freedom and between immanence and transcendence. His views were widely taught, and his students were highlyregarded. Gintinkangan niya han Hegelianismo nga bahin han Aleman nga Ideyalismo. [104] One to which he attributes great significance is the fragment he translates as "Being is not more than Non-being", which he interprets to mean the following: Sein und Nichts sei dasselbeBeing and non-being are the same. From the time of Leibniz to the widespread adoption of Frege's logic in the 1930s, every standard work on logic consisted of three divisions: doctrines of concept, judgment, and inference. ), a practice that goes back to Plato's Sophist and Aristotle's Categories. (Karl Barth. Sélection par ordre chronologique des publications en français aux XX e et XXI e siècles. His father, Georg Ludwig, was Rentkammersekretär (secretary to the revenue office) at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg.